Women’s Health

Women’s Health

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Cervical cancer or cancer of the cervix is an abnormal growth of malignant (cancer) cells in the cervix.

Breast Cancer

Sometimes abnormal cells develop in the breast tissue, forming a lump or tumor. This is the most common type of cancer in women.

The breast has several lobes, which are divided into lobules and end in the milk glands. Tiny ducts run from the many tiny glands, connect together, and end in the nipple. Any tissue in the breast can be affected and it will destroy the nearby tissues also. Usually the cancer arises from tissue that forms milk ducts. There are at least 15 different kinds, depending on the site of development . Both women and men can develop breast cancer, but it is very rare in men.

Breast cancer occurs more commonly in the left breast than the right and more commonly in the outer upper quadrant. The tumor may distort the shape of the breast or the texture of the skin as it becomes larger. It can be detected when it grow large enough to either be felt or seen on a mammogram.

The cancer cells spread through the specialised channels in the breast called lymphatics to the lymph nodes to form tumors. It also spread or metasize to the other parts of the body through the blood stream. It spreads through the right side of the heart to the lungs, and eventually to the other breasts, the chest wall, liver, bone and brain. Spreading of the tumor to other parts of the body can cause death.

Breast cancer can be classified by histologic appearance and location of the lesion.

Adenocarcinoma – arising from the epithelium.

Intraductal – developing within the ducts

Infiltrating – Occurring in parenchyma of the breast.

Inflammatory – reflecting rapid tumor growth, in which the overlying skin become edematous, inflamed and in-durated.

Lobular carcinoma in situ – reflecting tumor growth involving lobes of glandular tissue.

Medullary or circumscribed – large tumor with rapid growth rate.

Exercises

If you want to lose weight, cardiovascular exercise is a must.

If you haven’t been exercising at all, start by walking a few blocks. Gradually increase the speed and the duration. Once you feel that you are ready, try jogging.

Jogging may seem overwhelming, especially if you have never jogged before. 43-year-old Sita had wanted to start jogging for a while, and would always say, “My aim is to be able to jog a round of this park without stopping.” So her friend Latha one day said “Why don’t you jog with me,” and Sita said, “Oh no, I will not be able to jog at all. Maybe after some time, when I feel like I have enough stamina.”

A month later, she met Latha again. When Latha asked her if she had started jogging, Sita admitted that she had not. Latha then said, “Look, why don’t you jog with me, and don’t set any target for yourself. Just jog as much as you can, and stop the minute you feel a little tired. It doesn’t matter even if you jog two steps.”

So, Sita agreed, and she jogged besides Latha for a minute before stopping. After that she made it a point to jog at least that distance everyday. Gradually, she increased the distance and, a few months later, she was able to jog an entire round of the park!

Set realistic goals for your exercise routine, or you will get disheartened. Sita’s goal was not to straight away jog ten rounds of the park. Do this, and you will lose heart before long. Almost everyone tries to start jogging at some point or the other, and then they start detesting it and give it up. This is because they push themselves to breakpoint the very first day, and then just cannot sustain the pace.

The best thing to do would be to start very gradually. Jog until you can, and stop when you feel tired. The next time you go for a jog, aim to jog at least the same amount. If you very nearly killed yourself the first time round, the second time you will be able to reach the same distance with a great deal off difficulty, and will dread your jogging session the third time. Even if you do manage to push yourself, you will finally give up trying to equal your first time, and will consequently get disheartened. So, start gradually.

Aim to reach a level of vigorous exercise. Walking is a great exercise, it will help you lose some weight, and it will help prevent you from putting on more, but if you want to reap all the benefits of walking, make sure you walk at a brisk pace. The key is to increase your heartbeat.

Make your weight loss programme a priority and put it above everything else. Just like your job timings are inflexible, and you work all your other activities around your office schedule, so also make an exercise schedule and never waiver. If you have to go for a movie, buy tickets for a show after your workout, or don’t go. If you have to meet friends for a drink after work, join them a little later, after completing your workout.